The draught definition, as I see it in relation to home owners tends to confuse people as the term “draught” is used to mean two different things.
Typically when we think of draughts we think of a cold breeze coming in round windows or under doors. But there are so many other places that can allow draughts into your home, such as:
All these and more mean we have no control over the amount of fresh air entering our homes into displace the warm air because heat always moves from warm to cold.
Controlled Draughts - these are draughts that can be turned on or off when you decide. so things like extractor fans and other forms of mechanical ventilation such as heat recovery units and positive pressure ventilators etc. I prefer to refer to them as types of mechanical ventilation, rather than controlled draughts.
Uncontrolled draughts - not surprisingly, these are draughts that you can’t turn on and off when you decide. So all the things listed above. Even porous building blocks can allow uncontrolled ventilation to occur in your home.
That’ another difficult one.
In a perfect world we wouldn’t want any uncontrolled draughts in our home but then we’d have to use complex mechanical ventilation systems to control the air quality.
As time goes on we’re making our homes more and more air tight as we strive to make less of an impact on the environment and seek to reduce the running costs of out homes.
However we don’t live in a perfect world and the majority of homes in the UK were built before draughts were something anyone gave a second thought to, let alone asking what a draught definition was.
These types of buildings have, and will always have, a certain amount of uncontrolled draughts. In fact Building Control makes an assumption that these types of buildings have 0.15 air changes per hour by way of uncontrolled draughts.
As a result they (Building Control) say the mechanical ventilation systems in these houses don’t need to be as efficient as they would in air-tight buildings because some of the homes ventilation comes from these uncontrolled draughts.
Because of this, the majority of the ventilation systems available to us actually rely on an element of uncontrolled ventilation i.e. they assume some air changes (0.15/hr) will occur via these uncontrolled draughts
Typically the replacement air will get in via a combination of uncontrolled draughts and controlled ventilation (such as trickle vents in windows or via letterboxes etc.
Hopefully this has helped go some way to linking my draught definition to how draughts affect your home, explain why we need ventilation and why we'd ideally like to reduce the uncontrolled draughts in our homes and replace them with controlled ventilation.
It's not even that difficult to reduce your uncontrolled ventilation, as the majority of these draughts come via poorly sealed junctions between different building materials.